Diversity in Living Organisms


 

Diversity in Living Organisms logoSubject: Biology    Exam: Medical Foundation 1 Year

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Important Points

The system of grouping of living forms on the basis of similarities and differences is called classification. The branch of biology concerned with classification is called taxonomy.
Natural classification: This system of classification involves categorization of the living organisms into broad groups (or divisions) on the basis of large number of their characters (both similarities and dissimilarities).
The system of classification of organisms which is based on large number of characteristics and also reflects their evolutionary relationships is called phylogenetic classification.
Biodiversity means the diversity of life forms.
Five-kingdom system of classification
1. KingdomMonera (prokaryotic bacteria and blue-green algae).
2. Kingdom Protista (unicellular eukaryotic organisms, like protozoans and algae).
3. Kingdom Fungi (multicellular fungi).
4. Kingdom Plantae (all multicellular green plants advanced forms of algae).
5. Kingdom Animalia (all multicellular animals)
 
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