Tips and Tricks on Biotechnology Principles and Processes


Biotechnology is "the commercial application of living organisms or their products, which involves the deliberate manipulation of their DNA molecules".

Traditional Biotechnology: It includes the processes that are based on the natural capabilities of microorganisms. The traditional biotechnology is also called conventional technology which has been used for many centuries. Curd, vinegar, ghee, wine and beer and other alcoholic beverages, idli, dosa, cheese, paneer and some other foods have been produced using traditional biotechnology.

The construction of the first recombinant DNA emerged from the possibility of linking a gene encoding antibiotic resistance with a native plasmid (autonomously replicating circular extra-chromosomal DNA) of Salmonella typhimurium. Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer accomplished this in 1972.

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